The organization and structure of postgraduate education varies in different countries, as well as in different institutions within countries. While the term "graduate school" or "grad school" is typically used in North America, "postgraduate" is often used in countries such as Australia, Bangladesh, India, Ireland, New Zealand, Pakistan, South Africa, and the United Kingdom.
In the UK and countries whose education systems were founded on the British model, such as the US, the master's degree was for a long time the only postgraduate degree normally awarded, while in most European countries apart from the UK, the master's degree almost disappeared. In the second half of the 19th century, however, US universities began to follow the European model by awarding doctorates, and this practice spread to the UK. Conversely, most European universities now offer master's degrees parallelling or replacing their regular system, so as to offer their students better chances to compete in an international market dominated by the American model.
Most universities award honorary degrees, usually at the postgraduate level. These are awarded to a wide variety of people, such as artists, musicians, writers, politicians, businesspeople, etc., in recognition of their achievements in their various fields. (Recipients of such degrees do not normally use the associated titles or letters, such as "Dr.")
Postgraduate education can involve studying for qualifications such as postgraduate certificates and postgraduate diplomas. They are sometimes used as steps on the route to a degree, as part of the training for a specific career, or as a qualification in an area of study too narrow to warrant a full degree course.
While a significant portion of postgraduate students finance their tuition and living costs with teaching or research work at private and state-run institutions, international institutions, such as the Fulbright Program and the Organization of American States (OAS), have been known to grant full scholarships for tuition with apportions for housing.
Upon completion of at least two years' research and coursework as a postgraduate student, a candidate must demonstrate truthful and original contributions to his or her specific field of knowledge within a frame of academic excellence. The Master and Doctoral candidate's work should be presented in a dissertation or thesis prepared under the supervision of a tutor or director, and reviewed by a postgraduate committee. This committee should be composed of examiners external to the program, and at least one of them should also be external to the institution.
Ph.D. entrance requirements in the higher ranked schools typically require a student to have postgraduate research honours or a master's degree by research, or a master's with a significant research component. Entry requirements depend on the subject studied and the individual university. The minimum duration of a Ph.D. programme is two years, but completing within this time span is unusual, with Ph.D.s usually taking an average of three to four years to be completed.
Requirements for the successful completion of a taught master's programme are that the student pass all the required modules. Some universities require eight taught modules for a one-year programme, twelve modules for a one-and-a-half-year programme, and twelve taught modules plus a thesis or dissertation for a two-year programme. The academic year for an Australian postgraduate programme is typically two semesters (eight months of study).
Admission to a postgraduate degree programme in Nigeria requires a bachelor's degree with at least a Second Class Lower Division (not less than 2.75/5). Admission to Doctoral programmes requires an Academic master's degree with a minimum weighted average of 60% (B average or 4.00/5). In addition to this, applicants may be subjected to written and oral examinations depending on the school. Most universities with high numbers of applicants have more stringent admission processes.
Funding for postgraduate study in the UK is awarded competitively, and usually is disseminated by institution (in the form of a certain allocation of studentships for a given year) rather than directly to individuals. There are a number of scholarships for master's courses, but these are relatively rare and dependent on the course and class of undergraduate degree obtained (usually requiring at least a lower second). Most master's students are self-funded.
We've launched our new Postgrad Solutions Study Bursaries. Full time, part time, online and blended-learning students eligible. January start dates 2023 & 2024 students welcome. Study postgraduate courses in any subject taught anywhere worldwide.
SCI-Arc EDGE, Center for Advanced Studies in Architecture is a platform for speculative scholarship and specialized training offering five postgraduate programs culminating in a Master of Science degree. Focused on expanding the frontiers of architecture in the twenty-first century, each one-year, three-semester program challenges students to confront a distinct territory among emerging disciplinary milieus and define how their ideas will influence the construction of future worlds.
It's important to find a postgraduate course that fits into your life. At Kingston University, we offer a wide range of flexible study options that meet your learning needs and enable you to balance studying with work or family commitments.
To find the course that's right for you, view our courses by A-Z listing or by subject area. On this page, you can read more about the types of postgraduate qualifications we offer. You can also choose from a range of research degrees.
Similar to postgraduate diplomas but take half the time to complete. A typical postgraduate certificate comprises of three modules and can be completed in just 15 weeks of full-time study. A dissertation or project will not be required as part of your studies and you can usually progress to a masters degree from a PgCert by accruing credits.
A postgraduate certificate in education provides a route into teaching. The one year course blends academic and practical learning through a combination of school placements and university based learning.
Objectives: To study the prevalence of mental health problems during the fourth postgraduate year, and to investigate whether it is already possible to predict such problems at medical school.
Results: Mental health problems in need of treatment during the fourth postgraduate year were reported by 17.2% (n=66), with no gender difference, possibly because of a higher prevalence among the men compared with the general population. A majority had not sought help. Univariate medical school predictors of mental health problems included: previous mental health problems; not being married/cohabitant; the personality traits 'vulnerability' (or neuroticism) and 'reality weakness'; perceived medical school stress, and lack of perceived diagnostic skills. In addition, the coping variables avoidance, blamed self and wishful thinking were univariate predictors. Multivariate analysis identified the following adjusted predictors: previous mental health problems; 'intensity' (extraversion); perceived medical school stress, and wishful thinking. Medical school variables were inadequate for predicting which individual students would experience postgraduate mental health deterioration. However, the perceived medical school stress instrument may be used for selecting a subgroup of students suitable for group-oriented interventions.
A 1-2 year postgraduate research associate position in translational and clinical research is available in the Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences at Yale School of Medicine. The primary role for this laboratory will be to identify and collect biospecimens from women giving birth at Yale New Haven Hospital for inclusion in the Yale University Reproductive Sciences Biobank, which supports translational research projects throughout the University. In addition, the postgraduate research associate will assist with a longitudinal pregnancy study and be involved in defining best practices for biospecimen collection and storage to best support various big data technologies.
Training: The postgraduate research associate will have the opportunity to gain experience with a broad range of different clinical research skills (e.g. design and conduct of clinical trials, IRB development, human subject consent, medical record abstraction, collection of biospecimens, and processing human tissue), as well as cell biology techniques (e.g. RNA and protein extraction and quantification). In addition, Human Subjects and HIPAA training will be provided. Thus, this position is ideal for recent graduates interested in learning how to design, conduct, and interpret scientific experiments, as well as individuals looking to gain clinical research experience prior to graduate studies in the health professions.
In accordance with university requirements for a safe return to in-person university operations, all faculty, staff, and postdoctoral and postgraduate trainees will be required to be fully vaccinated and boosted against COVID-19. For additional information, please visit -yale/workplace-guidance/workplace-guidance-faqs.
Yale Cancer Center is seeking an enthusiastic postgraduate or postdoctoral research associate to spearhead a biorepository of cancer patients treated with immunotherapy and other novel drugs, starting May 2023. The individual will also engage in an array of basic, clinical and translational projects ongoing in the lab. The lab focuses on developing new drug regimens, finding biomarkers predictive of response to therapies and discover mechanisms of side effects.
This is a postgraduate position in the Department of Internal Medicine at the Yale Liver Center. Our lab ( ) is seeking highly motivated and dedicated recent College graduates who are passionate about advancing the cellular and molecular understanding of liver function in health and disease. 2b1af7f3a8